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“那您就听我說,親愛的朋友——爸爸打算讓我們坐汽車出游。可是汽 車開得太快,坐車也太無聊。我就想起來了,約瑟夫曾經向我講過那個瘋瘋 傻傻的老侯爵夫人——您知道吧,從前這座府邸就是歸她所有,是個挺叫人 反感的女人。她從前總是乘坐一輛四駕馬車出門,是一輛很大的旅行馬車, 描得花花綠綠的,就停在車棚里。??這位老太太每次出門總叫人套上這輛 四駕馬車,哪怕上火車站去也乘坐這車,就為了讓每個人都知道。她是侯爵 夫人。除她以外,這一帶左右遠近誰也不許乘這樣的車??您想想看,要是 我們也能像這位已經故世的侯爵夫人那樣乘坐馬車出游一次,這該多麼有趣 啊!那個年老的馬車夫還在這兒??啊,對了,這個上了年紀的大能人您不 認識,自從我們有了汽車以後,他早就退休養老了。不過,這個人您真應該 見一見,用人告訴他,我們想乘坐四駕馬車出門去——他馬上就邁著兩條搖 搖晃晃的老腿上樓來,想不到這麼大歲數還能踫上一次這麼美的差使,他高 興得淚流滿面??一切都已經安排就緒,明天早上八點我們乘車出發??一 大清早就得起床,您當然在這兒過夜。這您是不能拒絕的。樓下給您準備了 一間漂亮的客房,您還要什麼,就叫波斯塔給您到軍營里去拿——您的彼斯 塔,明天將喬裝打扮成侍從,就像在侯爵夫人身邊當差??您別出聲,別反 駁。您得讓我們高興一下,無論如何得讓我們高興一下,要不然就饒不了 您?? “康多爾大夫呀??您不是送他了嗎???” 現在我才明白,這次在黑暗中相遇,不消說,並非偶然的邂逅。這個焦chaopeng 超碰 123 超碰免费视频ca0p0rn “‘沒有,’她不知所措地回答道,眼神驚慌地望著他。 “啊,糟糕!壞事了!——卡尼茲暗自思忖。這下可壞了!最難不過的chaopeng超碰在线公开视频 “這兩個人突然成了一對,他們最初的反應自然是互相擔心害怕。卡尼 茲懷疑,有人會把他過去經營曖昧生意的事情說給她听,說不定,她在最後 一瞬間還會滿懷輕蔑地把他從身邊推開。他簡直使出九牛二虎之力來掩飾他 的過去。他停止了一切可疑的買賣,自己蒙受損失,把手頭的公債券轉讓給 別人,斷絕和他從前的伙伴來往。他受了洗禮,選擇了一個有勢力的教父, 並且出了一大筆錢,在他的姓名卡尼茲後面綴上听起來有貴族氣派的‘封?開 克斯法爾伐’字樣。這樣搖身一變,他原來的姓名不久就從名片上消失得無 影無蹤;改名換姓者大多如此。可是到結婚的那天為止,他一直惴惴不安, 心神不定。說不定今天,明天,或者後天她還會大吃一驚,收回她的信任。 而她呢,從前的女主人有十二年之久,每天責怪她無能、愚蠢、惡毒、淺薄, 以刻毒惡劣的專橫暴戾摧毀了她的一切自尊自信,估計她的新主人也會一刻 不停地斥責她,嘲弄她,辱罵她,輕視她。她事先就听天由命,估計定會受 到奴役,仿佛這是她不可避免的命運。可是瞧,她做的一切都是對的。她把 自己的一生放在這個男子手里,由他安排。這個男子每天都向她表示感謝, 他總是以同樣畢恭畢敬的羞怯神情來對待她。這個年輕的女人驚愕不止;這 麼多的溫柔體貼,她簡直難以理解。這個姑娘原來像朵早已枯萎了一半的殘 花,如今又漸漸地像鮮花怒放。她變得嬌艷美麗,身姿豐腴柔軟。又過了一 兩年,她才敢真正相信,她這個沒人注意、被人踐踏、遭人壓迫的女于,也 能夠像其他所有的女子一樣被人所愛。但是對于他倆自己,真正的幸福是從 得了這個女兒的那天才開始的。

As a teacher at a language school, one of my key interests is monitoring and understanding the journey of my students’ language progress. Sometimes, it can be a little disheartening realising that perhaps my best efforts are still not enough to help students who may not be responding to the coursework. I believe that as a teacher, there must be something I can improve on which can help all my students achieve maximum progress.

Recently, I attended a session held by Pearson on The Global Scale of English. This session discusses The Global Scale of English (GSE), a standard to measure learner’s English competencies, and the GSE Teacher Toolkit. Below, I will tell you what I’ve gained from the session.

 

Quote 1

What is GSE?

The Global Scale of English, or GSE for short, is a measurement that helps teachers to measure the competencies of English learners. The GSE’s development has been based on the CEFR model. CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference) has been widely used by teachers, students, schools, and publishers to standardise language competency. It can be broken down into three groups of basic users (A), independent users (B), and proficient users (C), with two levels for each ‘user group’. CEFR contains a number of ‘can-do statements’. Each level in CEFR has its own ‘can- do statements’ which learners need to achieve in order to move to the higher level.

Below is CEFR levels and their labels:

CEFR Levels

*source: https://www.english.com/blog/addressing-the-missing-levels-with-gse/

Within schools, learners have a certain amount of time to complete a course and achieve ‘can-do statements’ of a CEFR level. As every learner’s ability and progress in learning is unique, not all learners progress at the same pace. Progress takes time, and each learner needs their own individual time to attain a certain level of competency.

Quote 2

In the long run, this creates a problem.

A learner who has studied English for a long time may be assumed to belong to a particular level of CEFR (let’s say B1), but there is possibility that the learner belongs to between A2 and B1 instead. However, since the learner is placed in a B1 class, he or she needs to keep up with B1-level expectations. This can lead to difficulties for the learner in reaching maximum progress and obtaining a satisfactory learning result at the end of an English program. Up to this point, I can very much relate this scenario with some of my students.

GSE aims to fill the gap. By quantifying each level of CEFR, GSE gives a more accurate manner of predicting learner’s competency in CEFR model. By having accurate knowledge of learner’s competency, teachers can be more precise in planning their lesson. Therefore, maximum progress of all students can take place.

Below is a comparison between CEFR and GSE:

GSE Tabel

The above presents the GSE measuring table of proficiency in all language skills and levels based on the CEFR model. As we can see, there is a wide range between some CEFR levels (A2 to B1, B1 to B2, B2 to C1). Hence, a class of A2, for example, consists of learners with competency score 30 (near A1) to 42 (almost B1). GSE helps teachers in identifying the minimum and maximum point of learners’ competency, so that they can plan lessons in which no learner is left behind.

 

Working with GSE

A teacher who is planning a lesson to suit their student’s competency may consult GSE learning objectives by visiting GSE Teacher Toolkit page, https://www.english.com/gse/teacher-toolkit/user/lo . There is a GSE/CEFR scale, where buttons can be moved horizontally based on the score range intended.

For example, if you have a class with A2 level, you can drag the left button on the scale to the minimum A2 score (30) and drag the right button to the maximum A2 score (42). See the picture below for an example:

Conference

 

On the left side there is a box to choose learner type and skill. For example if we chose to combine ‘adult learners’ and ‘reading’, by clicking the ‘show results’ you will get 22 learning objectives based on order of GSE scores.

Conference

 

Besides learning objectives, GSE Teacher Toolkit also provides Grammar and Vocabulary sections.

Conference

 

In the Grammar section, GSE Teacher Toolkit provides downloadable activities based on the chosen grammar category.

Conference

 

In the Vocabulary section, GSE Teacher Toolkit provides pronunciation with American and British accents, definitions, as well as collocation.

Conference

All the above facilities are easily accessed and free to use. These conveniences do not only save teacher’s time and energy, but most importantly they help teachers prepare the right course materials so that their learners get opportunities to reach maximum progress.

 

Conclusion

The Global Scale of English (GSE) provides at least four advantages for both teachers and learners:

  • Teacher obtain a better understanding of students’ individual competency. Therefore, they can prepare and adapt the right course materials in order to suit students’ needs.

  • The GSE Teacher Toolkit makes lesson planning simple, accurate, and easy to use.

  • Learners are given more opportunities to achieve maximum progress in learning English.

  • Recognised globally, GSE helps students to gain confidence in their language ability and competency acceptance.

To learn more about the GSE Teacher’s Toolkit, please visit here.

 

BIODATA

WINDA HAPSARI is an English teacher and teacher educator at LIA Language School, Indonesia. She has been working with a variety of learners for about two decades. She earned her master’s degree in educational psychology from Universitas Indonesia. Besides teaching, she also conducts classroom / educational research and publishes some of her works. Her recent article, which she co- authored with a colleague, titled Teaching Reading to Encourage Critical Thinking and Collaborative Work is published by Springer in early 2018. Her interest includes areas of teacher professional development, teaching language skills, and motivation.